Who is at risk

By The Diabetic Friend Editorial Staff

Risk Factors for Diabetes

Who is at risk.  Nobody knows precisely how diabetes happens. The following risk factors for diabetes list below was taken from several sources, but they appear to be some of the most common reasons for getting the disease.

Obesity, usually carried for a long time. According to the ADA where you carry your weight may also have an impact. Of all of the factors in triggering this disease, obesity is number one.

  • A woman who has had a baby that weighed more than 9 pounds at birth.
  • History of diabetes in the family; it can skip some generations.
  • Limited or minimal physical activity.
  • Native American, Hispanic, African or Pacific Islander ethnicity are at increased risk.


According to The Diabetes Carbohydrate and Calorie Counter, by Annette B. Natow, Ph.D., R.D., and Jo-Ann Heslin, M.A., R. D., the best diet to help manage and/or prevent diabetes is a healthy diet, low in saturated and total fats, moderate in protein, low in sweets and high in starches and fiber, yet some people cannot tolerate excessive starch. Only a registered dietitian knows what your needs will really be. But diet is a major key to prevention and management.


Starting and maintaining a good exercise program with your doctor’s assistance is a good way to help keep diabetes at bay/managed. According to the University of California, San Diego, exercise improves the ability of the muscles to respond to insulin, and this causes the muscles to take up more sugar, in addition to strengthening the heart and tissues. Contact your doctor before starting an exercise program.


Some diabetics treat their diabetes with diet alone. Many use medications or others use insulin. It’s very important to keep to your medication schedule and take it on time and as directed. Glucose testing for medication and insulin users is an absolute must. Check your glucose on time and as needed.

The Diabetes Carbohydrate and Calorie Counter
The American Diabetes Association