Source: Nurse Practitioner
Publication date: 2001-09-01
A healthy diet and exercise are the mainstays of controlling one of the most modifiable of all risk factors for diabetes: obesity.
Lowering The Risk Of Type II Diabetes. The prevalence of Type 2 diabetes in the United States is alarming. Consider these facts:
About 2,000 new cases of Type 2 diabetes are diagnosed every day, leading to a threefold increase in the past 40 years.
One in five people over age 65 has Type 2 diabetes.
A growing number of children and adolescents are being diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes, which used to be seen only in adults. Obesity may play a role. (Up to 80% of children and adolescents may be overweight when diagnosed.)
Type 2 diabetes is a multisystem disease caused by insulin resistance, the inability of the pancreas to secrete enough insulin, or both. Women with Type 2 diabetes are at increased risk for heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, blindness, neuropathy, amputation, periodontal disease, infections, and possibly dementia. Having poorly controlled blood sugar levels increases the risk for one or more of these health problems. So does the length of time the woman has had Type 2 diabetes; in other words, the more years, the more risk.